UNESCO: Hörnstenar för kunskapssamhället

FN-organet UNESCO om tillgången till information och kunskap, rätten att uttrycka sig, integritet och etik på ett globalt internet är tema för rapporten Keystones to foster inclusive Knowledge Societies.

  • Om tillgång till information och kunskap:
    ”Universal access; ability to seek and receive information online, including scientific, indigenous, and traditional knowledge; freedom of information, building of openknowledge resources, including open Internet and open standards, and Open Access and availability of data; preservation of digital heritage; respect for cultural and linguistic diversity, such as fostering access to local content in accessible languages; quality education for all, including lifelong and e-learning; diffusion of new Media and Information Literacy and skills, and social inclusion online, including addressing inequalities based on skills, education, gender, age, race, ethnicity, and accessibility by those with disabilities; and the development of connectivity and affordable ICTs, including mobile, the Internet, and broadband infrastructures.”
  • Om rätten att uttrycka sig:
    ”Ability to express views through the Internet, Web and related digital media; rights to freedom of expression online, in line with Article 19 of Declaration of Human Rights, including press freedom and the safety of journalists, social media users and human rights advocates, as a precondition for media freedom, pluralism and independence; policies that enhance open exchange of views; multi-lingualism; users’ understanding of rights and responsibilities of free online expression; inclusive versus restricted expression; arrangements for multistakeholder participation, fostering social and selfregulation of free expression in cyberspace
  • Om integritet
    ”Internet practices and policies that respect the right to privacy; the promotion of openness and transparency that takes personal privacy into account; recognition that privacy and its protection underpins trust in the Internet and therefore greater use and accessibility; and the use of multistakeholder arrangements to reconcile privacy with other human rights, such as freedom of expression or “to life, liberty and security of person”.”
  • Om etik
    ”Ethics places a focus on the realm of choice between options, and includes the intentionality of actions, as well as outcomes, intended or unintended, as the results of decisions made that impact on the wellbeing of individuals and society. Internet use can have positive outcomes but it can also be misused or purposively employed in ways that violate standard norms, such as to harm others. This category considers whether the norms, rules and procedures that affect online behaviour are based on ethical principles anchored in human rights. This questions if norms are geared to protect
    the freedoms and dignity of individuals in cyberspace and sensitive to advancing accessibility, openness, inclusiveness and multistakeholder participation on the Internet.
    Internet practices, law and policy can be anchored in conscious ethical considerations, such as non-discrimination on the basis of gender, age or disabilities. Ethics can play a role in shaping emerging practices and policies.

 

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